Escape from Hong Kong - References

  1. MOD Naval Staff Duties (Historical Section) Official reports. National Archive
  2. Stoker A/B Downey service records
  3. A/B Deakin family correspondence
  4. Foreign & Commonwealth Office, London. Royal Households & Honours Secretariat
  5. MTB 07 Fair Log, written up daily by the 'Officer of the day.' Official reports, Interviews with Ron Ashby's son Vaughan in 2000-20015, correspondence,private papers & photos.The Auckland Star 25th March 1942 (page 6) and correspondence from Benny Proulx HKRNVR.
  6. "Admiral Chan Chak" Biography by his sons Donald & Duncan Chan, self published in 2011 & in English 2017. Chan Chak's journals , Admiral Chan Chak Archives in Hainan, Donald & Duncan Chan interviews 1999, Official reports, Military log, diaries, private papers & photos, translations by Donald & Duncan Chan, Ellen Kuk, Bill Lake, Ian Ngan and Elaine Chan."Dujiao Jiangjun Chen Ce Chuan" (Biography of Chan Chak) by Ou Daxiong with a comunist spin. November 1993. Translation obtained by David Hide in 2000. Other translations by Chi Man KWONG Research Assistant Professor, History Department, Hong Kong Baptist University and Yang Shanshan of CCTV
  7. Lt-Cmd Hsu Heng (Henry) O.B.E. Journal 1942, publication 1995 'Loyally & courageously his country, he illuminates the pages of history'. Correspondence 2000-2008 & video interview 2006
  8. Nigel Collingwood interview 2009, Private papers & Memoirs.
  9. Joy Kennedy, Interview 2000, Correspondence. "Hong Kong Full Circle 1939-1945" (Self Published 500 copies) Press & Journal 29th June 1942.
  10. Correspondence with Sub-LT Gee's daughter
  11. Colin McEwan's Diary published by the "Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch.
  12. L/St Charlie Evans BBC Radio recording 25th July 1942, Imperial War Museum London.
  13. The Times [January 1942]
  14. (A) The Daily Express;The Miami Daily Post: Daily Sketch [27th Feb 1942 Waiting for a train], (B) "Journey Among Warriors" by Eve Curie]
  15. Lt-Cmd Gandy's journal held at thhe Imperial War Museum, papers, photos, & oficial reports. Reminiscences & interview with Dutch family members.
  16. Lt Laurence Kilbee H.K.R.N.V.R. Journal, personal papers, interview 2000.
  17. Notes held at the National Archives, Ref: CAB106/11 by Maj Goring & Capt Macmillan. "My Escape from Hong Kong" by Lieut-Col Goring, published in Wide World Magazine Volume 102, issue number 611. March 1949. Gloucestershire Echo 2nd March 1949.
  18. Sub-Lt David Pauncefoote Legge Correspondence, Susan Scott interview 2009, Private papers.
  19. PO Robert Spirit wounded in throat during the action of 19th December. POW later survived the sinking of the Lisbon Maru.
  20. Telegraphist Jack Hughieson Late of MTB 08]Interview 2000 & correspondence.
  21. Buddy Hide. Petty Officer. Private papers, photos, & 1st hand account.
  22. Albert C Moore Interview 1962, private papers, family .
  23. C.P.O. Gilbert Thums Private papers provided by his family
  24. L/S Les Barker Diary Family interviews with Carol & Russ Barker in 2006, Private papers, Hucknall Dispatch & Nottingham Evening Post 1942
  25. Alf Hunt. Late of MTB 12 [G3CHU](Chairman/Secretary F.E.P.O.W. Association, Birmingham) interview 1999 & correspondence.
  26. MacDougall family interviews, Private papers & photos, Bodlian Library Oxford, The British press.
  27. Hong Kong Public Records Office
  28. Ross family correspondence 2000 & interview 2008, Diary, private papers, hand written journal, audio recordings, & photos. Article in Macleans (Canada) magazine June 15, July 1st & 15th 1942. Lion Rock Films "Escape from Hong Kong"
  29. Fred Guest (son) interview 2009, "Escape from the Blooded Sun" & "Indian Cavalryman. "Cheltenham Chronicle" 23rd December 1944"
  30. Oxford family interview 2008 in Hong Kong, Private papers & photos. "Evening Telegraph & Post" 14th August 1942. "At Least We Lived" by Emma Oxford 2013
  31. Tony Banham Hong Kong military historian hongkongwardiary
  32. Anne Ozorio, Correspondence 2000
  33. David Macmillan & family interview 2009 in Hong Kong
  34. Paul Tsui's (BAAG) Memoirs Revised Oct 1989
  35. Lewis Gun; Manufacturer = BSA, Weight = 12Kg, Magazine (pan) = 47 rounds, Cooling = Air
  36. Dr. John Grindlay, Diary archived at the University of Minnesota, Manuscript division, Prof Al Lathrop sent copy 2003 Dartmouth Medicine
  37. Elizabeth Ride [Lt-Col Ride's daughter] correspondence 2002
  38. The London Gazette
  39. Unit Histories
  40. New Zealand Presbyterian Church NZPC
  41. Seventh Day Eventists, "The Ministry"
  42. George Wright-Nooth & Mark Adkin "Prisoner of the Turnip Heads" 1994
  43. Daughter of China: An Autobiography by Jean Moore (500 Self published in Hong Kong 1992).
  44. History of the Motor Torpedo Boat (MTB)
  45. Escape to Fight On with 204 Military Mission in China by John S Whitehead & George B Bennet[1990] ISBN 0-7090-4131-4: ww2 : Major William Seymour
  46. Rachel Whaley (nee Brazel) correspondence 2007, private papers, letter to his brother Bill.
  47. Standard 6.5mm Japanese Type 96 light machine gun. The bullet removed from Adm Chan Chak's wrist
  48. The Sydney Morning Herald 28th August 1945 ( Page 3)
  49. Major-General Maltby's report
  50. A Modern History of Hong Kong  By Steve Tsang
  51. Captain George Rhod Hansen, Jessen/Barracuda Master, correspondence with Frans Meyer, Grandson
  52. The Hong Kong Heritage Project
  53. Waiapu Church Gazette, Vol 34, Issue 6, 1st Aug 1943, p 2 'Convinced him of God' Adm Chan Chak's Christian baptism on anniversary of his escape.
  54. National Archives ADM 196/51, ADM 196/146, ADM 196/147
  55. Sub-Lt Peter J Campion RNVR. Correspondence.
  56. Eric Cox Walker letter to the widow of Lt-Cdr Hugh Dulley HKRNVR dated 14/12/1944
  57. "The Second World war" by Antony Beevor 2012
  58. Foreign & Commonwealth Office
  59. Royal Households & Honours Secretariat Central Chancery of the Orders of Knighthood
  60. Hugh Parsons interview 2011, Lt Parsons HKRNVR official report MOD Naval Staff Duties (Historical Section)
  61. Lewes at War 1939-1945 by R A Elliston
  62. South China Morning Post 25 Dec 1941 & 28 Dec 1945
  63. Keith Rann interview 2011. account in the IOW County Press 1942.
  64. ML French, probably a British Power Boat 64 foot Motor launch, widely used by all M.O.D services.
  65. T E Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia)T E Lawrence Studies
  66. Captain Tony Hewitt, 1st Battalion Middlesex Regiment Hong Kong. Obituary. To Freedom Through China ISBN 1 84415 229 4 Escaped from Shamshuipo 22nd Feb 1942
  67. Lt-Col F W Kendall audio interview in 1968. Historical Dictionary of Chinese Intelligence By I. C. Smith, Nigel West
  68. Philip Snow Author of "The Fall of Hong Kong: Britain, China, and the Japanese Occupation"
  69. Lt Cuthbert J Collingwood RN Memoirs
  70. Bill Robinson, Correspondence with Canadian branch of family 2012
  71. Philip Snow 'The Fall of Hong Kong'
  72. Map Information Section, Survey and Mapping Office, Lands Department,The Government of Hong Kong SAR
  73. The Damned (Chapter 13) by Nathan M Greenfield
  74. Judith E Stein Author/Art historian, correspondence, interview with S K Yee's niece, Post war South China Morning Post articles.
  75. The Thistle and the Jade: A Celebration of 175 Years of Jardine, Matheson & Co. Edited by Maggie Keswick.
  76. Robert Hempenstall's grand niece
  77. Frode Olsen Author
  78. Vanla - the story of a boat - December 1941
  79. Tommy Brewer's family, Frances Frisken Correspondence
  80. "At the Going Down of the Sun: Hong Kong 1941-1945" and "The Lasting Honour-The Fall of Hong Kong, 1941" by Oliver Lindsay
  81. The Western Morning News 6th & 22nd January 1942.
  82. The Nottingham Evening Post : The Hucknall Dispatch
  83. The Derby Evening Telegraph 19th December 1942.
  84. Jix Prest article in the Northern Daily Mail 2nd June 1942, The Evening Telegraph, & Gloucestershire Echo 3rd June 1942.
  85. China Mail 28th June 1946
  86. "The Fall of Hong Kong" by Tim Carew 1960. With hand written corrections and anecdotes by Lt-Cdr Gandy RN.
  87. "We Shall Suffer There Hong Kong Defenders in Prison 1942-45" by Tony Banham
  88. The Evening Telegraph 25th July 1946.
  89. China Mail 28th June 1946
  90. Gloucestershire Echo 22nd August 1933.
  91. "Clutch of Circumstance" and "The Road To Inamura" by Lewis Bush (Sub-Lt HKRNVR MTB 08) Declassified report NND883078
  92. The Dundee Courierr 16th March 1942.
  93. The Western Morning News 1st January, 6th February & 13th March 1942
  94. The Second World War by Sir Winson Churchill
  95. New York Times & Chicargo Daily 15th Dec 1941.
  96. "The War Against Japan Vol I & II" by Maj-Gen S. Woodburn Kirby.
  97. Life Magazine [8th June 1942] by Photo Journalist George Rodger.
  98. "Burma 1942 The Road from Rangoon to Mandalay" by Alan Warren.
  99. Dr Robert Lim's secretary Joan Becker's son Bernard, correspondence
    A biographical Memoir of Dr Robert K Lim by H W Davenport
    B Tuchman Stilwell and the American Experience in China, 1911-45 (New York: Macmillan 1970)
    McGraw-Hill (1966). McGraw-Hill Modern Men of Science. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  100. Robin Forster correspondance in 2009
  101. "Its a Rough Game but Good Sport" by Simon Drakeford.
  102. Armed with Stings by A.Cecil Hampshire.
  103. Breakout from Encirclement: The 2nd MTB Flotilla by L C Reynolds 1997.
  104. Two Kinds of Time by Graham Peck
  105. The london Gazette 12 June 1942 Supplement: 35596 Page: 2646
  106. MOD Navy List
  107. Danish Consulate archives in Shanghai researched by Frode Olsen
  108. Hong Kong Escape by Ralph. B. Goodwin N.Z.R.N.V.R.[1953] [MTB 10]
  109. Eastern Fortress: A Military History of Hong Kong, 18401970 By Kwong Chi Man, Tsoi Yiu Lun
  110. HMS Cornflower History and MOD Navy List
  111. From Trombay to Changi; The Story of Arakan Coastal Forces. By Officers who Participated. (Author): Only Trees need Roots by John & Jennifer Jessen: Three Mackerels The Story of the Jebsen and Jessen Family Enterprise.
  112. P O Stonell (MTB 11) diary
  113. The Western Mail 5 Jun 1942, The Falkirk Herald 28 Oct 1950.
  114. The Colls family documents (Now in the authors possession).


  1. Admiral Chan Chak by his twin sons Donald & Duncan Chan
  2. Dujiao Jiangjun Chen Ce Chuan Biography with Comunist spin of Chan Chak by Ou Daxiong. November 1993. Translation obtained by David Hide in 2000,
  3. Not the Slightest Chance by Tony Banham [2003] ISBN 962 209 615 8:
  4. My Escape from Hong Kong by Lieut-Colonel Arthur Goring (Wide World Magazine Volume 102, issue number 611. March 1949)
  5. Escape from the Blooded Sun' & 'Indian Cavalryman' by Reginald Edwin (Freddie) Guest 1956 & 1959
  6. The Fall of Hong Kong: Britain, China, and the Japanese Occupation by Philip Snow
  7. The Fall of Hong Kong by Tim Carew [1960]
  8. Hong Kong Eclipse by G B Endacott [1978] ISBN 0 19 5803744
  9. Escape to Fight On with the 204 Military Mission in China by John S Whitehead & George B Bennett [1990] ISBN 0-7090-4131-4
  10. Prisoner of the Turnip Heads by George Wright-Nooth with Mark Adkin [1994] ISBN 0-304-35234-9
  11. British Army Aid Group, Hong Kong Resistance 1942-1945 by Edwin Ride [1981] ISBN 0 19 581325 1
  12. Conway's All the Worlds Fighting Ships 1922-1946 ISBN 0-85177-146-7
  13. To Freedom Through China by Anthony Hewitt ISBN 1 84415 229 4
  14. The Underrated Enemy by Adrian Stewart [ISBN 0-7183-0663-5] 1987
  15. The Battle of the Torpedo Boats by Bryan Cooper [1979]Ref: 1651930000
  16. White Ensign Red Dragon by Commodore P J Melson CBE RN
  17. Armed with Stings by A. Cecil Hampshire [1958]
  18. Mediterranean MTB's at War by L. C. Reynolds & H. F. Cooper [ISBN 07509922745]
  19. The Lasting Honour-The Fall of Hong Kong, 1941 by Oliver Lindsay [1978]ISBN 0-241-89946-X
  20. At the Going Down of the Sun: Hong Kong 1941-1945 by Oliver Lindsay [1981] ISBN 0-241-10542-0
  21. The Battle for Hong Kong 1941-1945 Hostage to Fortune by Oliver Lindsay
  22. Hong Kong Full Circle 1939-1945 by Lieut C A Kennedy RNVR [MTB 09] (500 copies self Published 1969)
  23. Hong Kong Escapeby Ralph. B. Goodwin N.Z.R.N.V.R.[1953] [MTB 10]
  24. We Shall Suffer There Hong Kong Defenders in Prison 1942-45 by Tony Banham
  25. Daughter of China by Jean Moore (Self published 1992)
  26. Paul Tsui Memoirs 1989
  27. The Road To Inamura by Lewis Bush
  28. Journey Among Warriors by Eve Currie
  29. The Hidden Years, Hong Kong 1941-45 by John Luff
  30. Escape from Hong Kong "Adm Chan Chak's Christmas Day Dash" by Tim Luard 2012
  31. At Least we Lived by Emma Oxford 2013
  32. The Second World War by Antony Beevor 2012
  33. Naval Reservists in Action edited by Adrian Villanueva 2013
  34. British & Hong Kong National & Regional Press by various escape members 1942 - 1946
  35. The War Against Japan Vol I by Maj-Gen S W Kirby [The Chan Chak escape account printed in this vol is nonsense, disinformation.]
  36. Two Kinds of Time by Graham Peck


  1. Savage Christmas: Hong Kong 1941

Research and web publication by Buddy Hide Jnr ©

The contents of this web site led to a considerable number of escapee families contacting me and now each other, and remains the principle source of contact and private information for the spin off projects that have followed. The personal accounts enabled me to record the complete and true account of this remarkable episode of Sino-British war time co-operation. The information compiled here has directly resulted in a museum exhibition in Hong Kong, a re-enactment of the escape in Hong Kong and China, with a movie drama and documentary in the making.

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